Winter Fog Monitoring

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   <td>During ICIMOD’s Second Annual Regional Atmospheric Science Workshop that took place in Pokhara, Nepal in June 2014, scientists from the region expressed enthusiasm to carry out a comprehensive study of the persistent winter fog that often afflicts the plains of northern South Asia (often referred to as the Indo-Gangetic Plains, IGP) and its surroundings during winter. Recently, ICIMOD hosted a meeting during 02-03 December, 2014, in Kathmandu Nepal, to discuss plans for a pilot study this coming winter (2014-15) and a full-scale field study during the following winter (2015-16).  A team of Pakistani scientists Dr Muhammad Fahim Khokhar (principal investigator) from NUST, Dr Imran Shahid from IST along with other collaborators from LUMS, SUPPARCO and UET Lahore has started monitoring of winter fog at different locations of Lahore city. Additionally, the car MAX-DOAS field campaigns within and around the Lahore city were conducted in order to monitor the atmospheric composition during special meteorological conditions. These activities will continue until mid of February 2015. The ultimate goals are
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   <td>During ICIMOD’s Second Annual Regional Atmospheric Science Workshop that took place in Pokhara, Nepal in June 2014, scientists from the region expressed enthusiasm to carry out a comprehensive study of the persistent winter fog that often afflicts the plains of northern South Asia (often referred to as the Indo-Gangetic Plains, IGP) and its surroundings during winter. Recently, ICIMOD hosted a meeting during 02-03 December, 2014, in Kathmandu Nepal, to discuss plans for a pilot study in the recent winters (2014-15) and a full-scale field study afterwards.  A team of Pakistani scientists Dr Muhammad Fahim Khokhar (principal investigator) from NUST, Dr Imran Shahid from IST along with other collaborators from LUMS, SUPPARCO and UET Lahore started monitoring of winter fog at different locations of Lahore city. Additionally, the car MAX-DOAS field campaigns within and around the Lahore city were conducted in order to monitor the atmospheric composition during special meteorological conditions.
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* To understand better when and how the persistent fog forms,
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The ultimate goals were
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* To identify human activities that are contributing to it,
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* to understand better when and how the persistent fog forms,
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* Mitigation options that may reduce the fog formation.
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* to identify human activities that are contributing to it,
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* Possibility to forecast it,
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* mitigation options that may reduce the fog formation.
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* Provide guidance to government agencies
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* possibility to forecast it,
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<br>
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* provide guidance to government agencies
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<br>
<gallery heights="300" widths="240" perrow="3">
<gallery heights="300" widths="240" perrow="3">
Image:winter_fog_2.jpg|Pattern generated with Raith e-beam lithography.
Image:winter_fog_2.jpg|Pattern generated with Raith e-beam lithography.

Revision as of 06:44, 12 March 2015

Winter Fog Monitoring

During ICIMOD’s Second Annual Regional Atmospheric Science Workshop that took place in Pokhara, Nepal in June 2014, scientists from the region expressed enthusiasm to carry out a comprehensive study of the persistent winter fog that often afflicts the plains of northern South Asia (often referred to as the Indo-Gangetic Plains, IGP) and its surroundings during winter. Recently, ICIMOD hosted a meeting during 02-03 December, 2014, in Kathmandu Nepal, to discuss plans for a pilot study in the recent winters (2014-15) and a full-scale field study afterwards. A team of Pakistani scientists Dr Muhammad Fahim Khokhar (principal investigator) from NUST, Dr Imran Shahid from IST along with other collaborators from LUMS, SUPPARCO and UET Lahore started monitoring of winter fog at different locations of Lahore city. Additionally, the car MAX-DOAS field campaigns within and around the Lahore city were conducted in order to monitor the atmospheric composition during special meteorological conditions.

The ultimate goals were

  • to understand better when and how the persistent fog forms,
  • to identify human activities that are contributing to it,
  • mitigation options that may reduce the fog formation.
  • possibility to forecast it,
  • provide guidance to government agencies


Nova NanoSEM 450 equipped with EDX & e-beam lithography.
Nova NanoSEM 450 equipped with EDX & e-beam lithography.
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