Winter Fog Monitoring

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* provide guidance to government agencies  
* provide guidance to government agencies  
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Image:winter_fog_2.jpg|Pattern generated with Raith e-beam lithography.
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Image:winter_fog_3.jpg|Pattern generated with Raith e-beam lithography.
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Image:winter_fog_4.jpg|Pattern generated with Raith e-beam lithography.
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Image:winter_fog_5.jpg|EDX-Line scan of Cr-deposited glass (gold coated).
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Image:winter_fog_6.jpg|EDX-Map scan of Cr-deposited glass (gold coated).
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Image:winter_fog_7.jpg|Micrograph of a Polyacrylonitrile nanofiber.
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<td valign="top">[[image:winter_fog_5.jpg|thumb|Nova NanoSEM 450 equipped with EDX & e-beam lithography.|280px]]</td>
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Revision as of 06:51, 12 March 2015

Winter Fog Monitoring

During ICIMOD’s Second Annual Regional Atmospheric Science Workshop that took place in Pokhara, Nepal in June 2014, scientists from the region expressed enthusiasm to carry out a comprehensive study of the persistent winter fog that often afflicts the plains of northern South Asia (often referred to as the Indo-Gangetic Plains, IGP) and its surroundings during winter. Recently, ICIMOD hosted a meeting during 02-03 December, 2014, in Kathmandu Nepal, to discuss plans for a pilot study in the recent winters (2014-15) and a full-scale field study afterwards. A team of Pakistani scientists Dr Muhammad Fahim Khokhar (principal investigator) from NUST, Dr Imran Shahid from IST along with other collaborators from LUMS, SUPPARCO and UET Lahore started monitoring of winter fog at different locations of Lahore city. Additionally, the car MAX-DOAS field campaigns within and around the Lahore city were conducted in order to monitor the atmospheric composition during special meteorological conditions.

The ultimate goals were

  • to understand better when and how the persistent fog forms,
  • to identify human activities that are contributing to it,
  • mitigation options that may reduce the fog formation.
  • possibility to forecast it,
  • provide guidance to government agencies


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